The near ambient pressure (NAP) X-ray photoemission spectroscopy (XPS) system is for high-throughput chemical surface analysis under application-relevant environmental conditions.
The system overcomes barriers of traditional XPS systems by enabling analyses at a wide range of atmospheres ranging from 10-7 mbar up to 100 mbar. Via a sample holder with built-in laser heating, the tool allows direct probing of samples at temperatures up to 1000C in these atmospheres.
There is a built-in plasma cleaning and specific holder design to minimise cross-contamination and a horizontal sample loading. Sample loading is also possible without going through high vacuum, so a wide range of materials can be probed including liquids, biological materials, ceramics, polymers and materials with high vapour pressures.
- Create a wide range of reactive environments and to directly probe energy materials and devices under application relevant conditions
- Via a sample holder with built-in laser heating, direct probing of samples at temperatures up to 1000C
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